A Great option for a short-term, non-conforming loan for commercial or investment properties, that doesn’t come from traditional lenders, but rather people or private companies that accept property or an asset as collateral
Hard money commercial loans are often made by private lenders to higher risk borrowers, and to hedge against that risk, the terms of the loans are much less favorable to borrowers than conventional commercial loans. Conventional commercial loans from banks require a minimum credit score, collateral requirements, and a stringent underwriting process, whereas hard money loans often do not have these requirements. Hard money commercial loans are often short-term, and have much higher interest and fees. For example, a conventional commercial loan may have a 10-year term and an interest rate between 5-9%. In contrast, a hard money loan may have a 6-month term and an interest rate of 12%. Also, the lender’s remedies if the borrower defaults are often much more severe in a hard money loan. Whereas a conventional commercial loan may provide default interest of 12%, a hard money often is the maximum allowed by law, which varies from state to state. This means that interest is almost ¼ of the loan principal amount of the loan. Hard money commercial lenders will also charge more for loan origination fees and other fees versus conventional commercial loans.
Hard money commercial loans are often used to fund property flips: a borrower buys a house with the intention of fixing it up quickly, and hopes to earn a profit from selling the house after the renovations are complete. In order to fund the construction, the borrower takes a quick hard money loan so it can hire contractors to renovate the property and market and sell it quickly. Often in this scenario, the lender requires a lien on the home and personal guarantees by the owners of the borrower’s business.
Because these loans are made so quickly, there can be confusion between the lender and borrower about the actual terms of the hard money commercial loans. For example, if a lender and borrower agree to construction draws at specific intervals in the lifetime of the project, these terms should be very detailed in the loan documents to avoid confusion should the loan go into default.
Because these loans are high risk for hard money lenders, many times the lender hopes that the project will not complete so that it can foreclose on the property and flip it themselves, while collecting significant fees from the borrower and guarantors. Also, hard money commercial lenders tend to act much more quickly to collect on their loans. Unlike banks, hard money commercial lenders do not have as much capital, and wish to quickly realize gains on their investments.
Hard money construction lenders are motivated to collect quickly through various means. As a result, lenders may be much less willing to work with borrowers on forbearance agreements, loan modifications, short-sales, or other options that could be helpful for borrowers which are standard in conventional commercial loans. Forbearance agreements are agreements in which the borrower agrees to certain terms, and in consideration, the lender agrees to forbear from enforcing its rights under the loan documents. Loan modifications change the terms of the loan, such as the duration, interest rate, and remaining principal balance, and short sales allow a borrower to sell a property for less than what is owed on the property and require the consent of the lender.
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